A money mule scam occurs when a person transfers stolen funds or high value goods obtained fraudulently, to the scammer in another country.
The scammer recruits a person in the country where the fraud has taken place, and uses them to receive money and merchandise, and then for a commission, send it to the scammer's country.
This is done to either to try to hide the illegal transaction, or because people or businesses will not readily ship to the scammer's country because of the high risk of fraud.
Money transferred directly from a victim to the scammer can be easily tracked by banks or police, so the money mule acts as a buffer helping the criminals to cover their tracks.
The source of the criminal's money is usually from online banking fraud scams such as phishing.
Money mules are usually recruited either by posting ads, or by scammers contacting people who have posted their resume online.
It is very common for the scammers to build a fake website using the name and content of a legitimate online business. They copy all of the web content and then register a domain name very similar to the legitimate business. It may have hyphens where the original business does not, or have an extra letter etc.
The name of the fake website is then used to post online ads or used in
The spam emails that are sent may offer a work-at-home opportunity using your computer, or may be sent directly to people who have posted a resume online, offering them a position where they can make thousands of dollars a week for only a few hours work a week.
The positions may be advertised as a sales manager, financial manager, payment processor, or shipping manager. To make the job look legitimate, they usually require an application form or contract to be filled out.
The scammers may require your banking details for the deposits, or use easy money transfer services such as Paypal and ask you to ad an email to your Paypal account.
Once the money is deposited into the money mule account, it is usually required to be sent to an overseas destination using a wire transfer such as Western Union.
A lot of the people who become involved in a money mule scam are unaware they are becoming involved in a criminal operation, however some of the recruiting emails explain clearly they are looking for a 'financial middleman' to work for $10,000 a month, or to get 10% of all money moved.
Even if you were unaware of the fact the work is criminal, sooner or later most people realise that the job is too good to be true!
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